Beti Bachao Indicators

The trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), defined as number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age, has been unabated since 1961. The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming. The decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment. It reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection, and post birth discrimination against girls. Social construct discriminating against girls on the one hand, easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools on the other hand, have been critical in increasing Sex Selective Elimination of girls leading to low Child Sex Ratio.

There are wide variations seen in ratios across different regions of the country. The CSR remains adverse in 21 States and Union Territories, the fall ranging from 3 to 79 points. 11 states and 2 UTs have shown an increase in CSR during the last decade. The district level changes in CSR are much more pronounced as may be seen that out of 640 districts in the country, 429 districts have experienced decline in CSR. The decline is widespread across the country ranging from urban to rural, remote as well as tribal areas.

Coordinated & convergent efforts are needed to ensure survival, protection and education of girl child to help realize her full potential. Recognizing the need for urgent action, Government has announced in the Budget Speech, 2014-15, Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme to empower the girl child and enable her education. It was decided in the meeting held on 7th July, 2014 in Prime Minister’s Office that the Ministry of Women and Child Development will be the Nodal Ministry for launching a mass campaign under the slogan of BBBP and that it would be supported by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Department of School Education and Literacy. The issue was highlighted in the Prime Minister’s Independence Day address to the nation on 15th August, 2014.

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has been implemented through a national campaign and focussed multi sectoral action in 100 selected districts, covering all States and UTs. This is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development. Monitorable Targets.

  • Improve the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) in 100 gender critical districts by 10 points in a year.
  • Reduce Gender differentials in Under Five Child Mortality Rate from 8 points in 2011 to 4 points by 2017.
  • Improve the Nutrition status of girls - by reducing number of underweight and anaemic girls under 5 years of age (from NFHS 3 levels).
  • Ensure universalization of ICDS, girls’ attendance and equal care monitored, using joint ICDS NRHM Mother Child Protection Cards.
  • Increase the girl’s enrolment in secondary education from 76% in 2013-14 to 79% by 2017.
  • Provide girl’s toilet in every school in 100 CSR districts by 2017.
  • Promote a protective environment for Girl Children through implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act 2012.
  • Train Elected Representatives/ Grassroot functionaries as Community Champions to mobilize communities to improve CSR & promote Girl’s education